3D Rendering / Spotlight

Back to examples View in GitHub
This example is running in WebGL2 and should work in most browsers. You can check the WebGPU examples here.

//! Illustrates spot lights.

use std::f32::consts::*;

use bevy::{pbr::NotShadowCaster, prelude::*};
use rand::{rngs::StdRng, Rng, SeedableRng};

fn main() {
    App::new()
        .insert_resource(AmbientLight {
            brightness: 20.0,
            ..default()
        })
        .add_plugins(DefaultPlugins)
        .add_systems(Startup, setup)
        .add_systems(Update, (light_sway, movement))
        .run();
}

#[derive(Component)]
struct Movable;

/// set up a simple 3D scene
fn setup(
    mut commands: Commands,
    mut meshes: ResMut<Assets<Mesh>>,
    mut materials: ResMut<Assets<StandardMaterial>>,
) {
    // ground plane
    commands.spawn(PbrBundle {
        mesh: meshes.add(Plane3d::default().mesh().size(100.0, 100.0)),
        material: materials.add(Color::WHITE),
        ..default()
    });

    // cubes
    let mut rng = StdRng::seed_from_u64(19878367467713);
    let cube_mesh = meshes.add(Cuboid::new(0.5, 0.5, 0.5));
    let blue = materials.add(Color::rgb_u8(124, 144, 255));
    for _ in 0..40 {
        let x = rng.gen_range(-5.0..5.0);
        let y = rng.gen_range(0.0..3.0);
        let z = rng.gen_range(-5.0..5.0);
        commands.spawn((
            PbrBundle {
                mesh: cube_mesh.clone(),
                material: blue.clone(),
                transform: Transform::from_xyz(x, y, z),
                ..default()
            },
            Movable,
        ));
    }

    let sphere_mesh = meshes.add(Sphere::new(0.05).mesh().uv(32, 18));
    let sphere_mesh_direction = meshes.add(Sphere::new(0.1).mesh().uv(32, 18));
    let red_emissive = materials.add(StandardMaterial {
        base_color: Color::RED,
        emissive: Color::rgba_linear(100.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0),
        ..default()
    });
    let maroon_emissive = materials.add(StandardMaterial {
        base_color: Color::MAROON,
        emissive: Color::rgba_linear(50.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0),
        ..default()
    });
    for x in 0..4 {
        for z in 0..4 {
            let x = x as f32 - 2.0;
            let z = z as f32 - 2.0;
            // red spot_light
            commands
                .spawn(SpotLightBundle {
                    transform: Transform::from_xyz(1.0 + x, 2.0, z)
                        .looking_at(Vec3::new(1.0 + x, 0.0, z), Vec3::X),
                    spot_light: SpotLight {
                        intensity: 4000.0, // lumens
                        color: Color::WHITE,
                        shadows_enabled: true,
                        inner_angle: PI / 4.0 * 0.85,
                        outer_angle: PI / 4.0,
                        ..default()
                    },
                    ..default()
                })
                .with_children(|builder| {
                    builder.spawn(PbrBundle {
                        mesh: sphere_mesh.clone(),
                        material: red_emissive.clone(),
                        ..default()
                    });
                    builder.spawn((
                        PbrBundle {
                            transform: Transform::from_translation(Vec3::Z * -0.1),
                            mesh: sphere_mesh_direction.clone(),
                            material: maroon_emissive.clone(),
                            ..default()
                        },
                        NotShadowCaster,
                    ));
                });
        }
    }

    // camera
    commands.spawn(Camera3dBundle {
        camera: Camera {
            hdr: true,
            ..default()
        },
        transform: Transform::from_xyz(-4.0, 5.0, 10.0).looking_at(Vec3::ZERO, Vec3::Y),
        ..default()
    });
}

fn light_sway(time: Res<Time>, mut query: Query<(&mut Transform, &mut SpotLight)>) {
    for (mut transform, mut angles) in query.iter_mut() {
        transform.rotation = Quat::from_euler(
            EulerRot::XYZ,
            -FRAC_PI_2 + (time.elapsed_seconds() * 0.67 * 3.0).sin() * 0.5,
            (time.elapsed_seconds() * 3.0).sin() * 0.5,
            0.0,
        );
        let angle = ((time.elapsed_seconds() * 1.2).sin() + 1.0) * (FRAC_PI_4 - 0.1);
        angles.inner_angle = angle * 0.8;
        angles.outer_angle = angle;
    }
}

fn movement(
    input: Res<ButtonInput<KeyCode>>,
    time: Res<Time>,
    mut query: Query<&mut Transform, With<Movable>>,
) {
    for mut transform in &mut query {
        let mut direction = Vec3::ZERO;
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::ArrowUp) {
            direction.z -= 1.0;
        }
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::ArrowDown) {
            direction.z += 1.0;
        }
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::ArrowLeft) {
            direction.x -= 1.0;
        }
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::ArrowRight) {
            direction.x += 1.0;
        }
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::PageUp) {
            direction.y += 1.0;
        }
        if input.pressed(KeyCode::PageDown) {
            direction.y -= 1.0;
        }

        transform.translation += time.delta_seconds() * 2.0 * direction;
    }
}